|weaklingrecords's Fourth of July Quiz
||[Jul. 9th, 2007|11:30 am]
I was in the 'Bend for July 4th so I missed this. But I like to show off the fruits of my expensive education.|
1. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
2. When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 4, 1776
3. Who was declaring independence from whom?
The colonies were declaring independence from the English crown -- namely, King George.
4. What was “taxation without representation?”
The prime complaint of the colonies -- that they were being forced to pay taxes to England without an ability to influence the English government.
5. Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death” and what did he mean?
Patrick Henry. He meant that American colonists would have to take up arms to liberate themselves from England -- and, consequently, that he would rather die fighting for the freedom of the American colonies than live under British tyranny.
6. What does the phrase “separation of powers” mean?
It means that our three branches of government perform distinct functions and should operate independent of the influence of the other branches. Is "checks and balances" down the list someplace?
7. What is the Bill of Rights?
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
8. What rights are afforded to US citizens under the First Amendment?
Freedom of speech, assembly, religion, and the press; it also provides citizens the right to petition the government for redress of grievances, but I admit I have no idea what that means.
9. What are the three branches of the United States government?
Executive, legislative, and judicial. And Dick Cheney.
10. What are “checks and balances?”
Mechanisms contained within the U.S. Constitution to ensure that none of the three branches becomes too powerful. For instance, the Senate can impeach the President, the President can veto legislation passed by both houses of Congress, the Supreme Court can declare laws signed by the President unconstitutional, Congress allocates money to federal agencies and passes the laws they enforce, etc.
11. How many Justices are members of the Supreme Court?
There are nine justices on the Supreme Court. The Constitution does not specify its size, but the number was set at 6 by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It has had as many as 10 justices. FDR tried to expand it to 15, but Congress shot him down. Anyway. Since the passage of the Judicial Circuits Act in 1866, it's had nine justices.
12. How does the Electoral College work?
Each state is allocated a certain number of electoral votes according to population based on the most recent census data. The total number of electoral votes available is 538. Most states award all of their electoral votes to the candidate who wins the popular election in that state. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of 270 votes to take the presidency.
13. How many Senators are there?
14. Who casts the deciding vote if there is a tie in the Senate?
The President of the Senate. Currently, that's Dick Cheney, who is also the Fourth Branch of government.
15. When was the Constitution ratified?
16. What is Manifest Destiny?
A phrase used to express the belief that the United States should stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
17. When did women receive the right to vote?
Universal suffrage was granted by the 19th Amendment, ratified in 1920.
18. When was the Civil War?
19. What were some of the causes of the Civil War?
The decline of Southern farm production, the rise of Northern industrialism, growing animosity of the Northern colonies over the practice of slaveholding, and, mostly, the election of Abraham Lincoln.
20. What was the 3/5ths Compromise?
A compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that 3/5ths of the slave population would be counted for the purpose of distribution of taxes and, I believe, the apportionment of the House of Representatives.
21. Who were the Abolitionists?
Advocates for the abolition of slavery.
22. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Declared the emancipation of the slaves in those confederate states that refused to return to the Union.
23. What was the Underground Railroad?
A network of abolitionists that arranged for the transport of slaves from "slave states" to "free states" or to Canada.
24. Who were the Carpetbaggers?
Northerners who traveled to the Southern states following the Civil War to take advantage of economic and political opportunities but who had no intention to stay.
25. What was Reconstruction?
The post-Civil War effort undertaken to resolve the issues which caused the Civil War and to address the return of the confederate states to the Union.
26. How many Presidents have been assassinated?
Four: Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, and Kennedy.
27. How many Presidents have been impeached?
Two: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
28. How many Presidents were born in Michigan?
I admit, I Wikied this. None.
29. What was the United States’ involvement in World War I?
Weird question. The U.S. resisted involvement in WWI until 1917, when German U-boats sank the Lusitania, which was carrying U.S. citizens. After some more hesitation, the U.S. began sending troops to France in the summer of 1918 and declared itself an "associated power" of the allies. The war didn't last long after that.
30. When did WWI take place?
31. What was the League of Nations? Who proposed it?
Essentially a precursor to the UN -- a council of representatives of the nations of the world. It was proposed by Woodrow Wilson.
32. What was the United States’ involvement in World War II?
The U.S. entered WWII as an allied power following the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. U.S. forces took part in both theaters of operation -- European and Pacific.
33. When did WWII take place?
34. When was D-Day?
June 6, 1944
35. When was V-E Day?
May 8, 1945
36. When was V-J Day?
August 15, 1945
37. How many atomic bombs were used in WWII?
38. Where were they used?
Nagasaki and Hiroshima
39. What were Jim Crow laws?
Laws restricting the access of African Americans to public facilities and services.
40. What does the phrase “separate but equal” mean?
That public facilities and services provided to African Americans would be seperate from those provided to whites, but equal in quality.
41. When was the Pledge of Allegiance written?
The late 19th century.
42. When were the words “under God” added to the Pledge of Allegiance?
Sometime in the 1950s
43. What was the Civil Rights Movement?
The movement to fully integrate African Americans and other minority groups into American society.
44. When was the Civil Rights Act signed into law?
45. What did “Brown v. Board of Education” do? When was it?
Specifically, tntegrated the public schools in Topeka, Kansas. Generally, declared that de jure racial segregation was a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. 1953.
46. What was the Domino Theory?
Not a clue.
47. Who said, “Speak softly but carry a big stick?”
48. Who said, “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself?”
His cousin, FDR
49. Who said, “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country?”
John F. Kennedy
50. Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?
Francis Scott Key